We, the experts assembled in Nara (Japan), wish to acknowledge the generous spirit
and intellectual courage of the Japanese authorities in providing a timely forum in which we
could challenge conventional thinking in the conservation field, and debate ways and means
of broadening our horizons to bring greater respect for cultural and heritage diversity to
We also wish to acknowledge the value of the framework for discussion provided by
the World Heritage Committee’s desire to apply the test of authenticity in ways which accord
full respect to the social and cultural values of all societies, in examining the outstanding
universal value of cultural properties proposed for the World Heritage List.