The background for issuing this document is set by the scale, persistence and nature of destructive events of
recent times. These dramatic losses, the results of natural processes and human action, have renewed
awareness of the vulnerability of our cultural inheritance – heritage which includes places whose attributes
are of ‘Outstanding Universal Value’ (OUV) – and awareness of the commitment of the overall international
community to the common purpose of preserving and transmitting it to future generations. The magnitude of
natural disasters such as those that have affected Nepal, Cuba or Italy, and the destruction, whether
intentional or not, caused by armed conflicts on sites in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, the former Yugoslavia and Mali
among many others, create unprecedented challenges for recovery and possible restoration.